How to obtain a Law degree
The legal profession in India is governed by the Advocates Act 1961 and the Bar Council of India is constituted under this Act having The Attorney General and the Solicitor General of India as its ex-officio members. The BCI lays down standards of professional conduct and etiquette for advocates, standard of legal education and recognizes the Universities for imparting Legal Education.
A degree in law (LL.B.) may be obtained from any University recognized by BCI as under-
Three year course-
After graduating in any stream, a law degree may be obtained from one of the recognized Universities which include Delhi University, BHU, AMU, Punjab University etc. They have limited seats and the admissions are made through individual written examinations. DU conducts evening classes at its South Campus which attracts a large number of serving bureaucrats also.
Five Year Integrated Course
We owe the origin of Five Year Law education in India on global pattern to Padam Shri Prof. (Dr.) N R Madhava Menon who, at the initiatives of BCI established the first National Law School University of India (NLSUI) at Bengaluru. The course curriculum includes studies of humanities as well as law on case method teaching method, moot courts as well as internships with Jurists, Law Firms, NGOs etc. The aim of this course is to produce socially relevant lawyers who could work ably as a Jurist, lawyer administrator as well as a social engineer in the changed Global perspective. At present we have 15 National Law Schools (NLUs) in different States which have been established through special Acts of the respective State Legislatures and remain under the overall supervision of the respective High Court. NLU Delhi conducts its own entrance exam known as AILET. Remaining NLUs conduct a common separate entrance exam i.e. CLAT. The total number of seats in these prestigious NLUs is 1740 including reservations for which thousands of candidates appear every year.
Required eligibilities for appearing in the respective examinations are as below-
|Name of the Exam||Age||Educational Qualification||Minimum Marks|
|CLAT||20 Years as on 1st July of the Exam Year||Having qualified or appeared ( in the year of CLAT) in Higher Secondary/Intermediate (10+2) or equivalent certificate examination of any recognized Board||45% ( 40% for SC/ST etc.)|
|AILET||21 Years as on 1st July of the exam year||Same as above||50% (45% for SC/ST etc.)|
Some private Universities including Jindal Global Law School are also providing quality legal education. These are being looked after by the eminent academicians including Prof.(Dr.) Ranbir Singh, Prof. Faizan Mustafa, Prof. (Dr.) Poonam Pradhan Saxena and Prof. C Rajkumar. It is seen that the graduates from these law schools are securing top ranks in various States’ Judicial services as well as in the Union Civil Services Examinations.